Release 03-04      

February 7, 2003


Jerry Martin
(916) 322-2990

Richard Varenchik
(626) 575-6730
Recreational Vehicle Manufacturers and Dealers Pay Penalties Totaling $88,525

-- The California Air Resources Board (ARB) recently settled a second set of cases with off highway recreational vehicle (OHRV) manufacturers and dealers (listed at the bottom of the page). The settlements stem from alleged violations of state emissions certification regulations.

"These types of engines emit as much as 118 times the amount of smog forming emissions that modern automobiles produce. That's why we strictly enforce the regulations that apply," said ARB's Executive Officer, Catherine Witherspoon.

Over the last three years ARB inspectors visited numerous OHRV retail stores, found uncertified or incorrectly certified OHRVs, and cited the manufacturers and dealers accordingly. Under California law, every OHRV offered for sale and / or sold in California must be properly certified with the ARB. Some of the OHRVs vehicle identification numbers (VIN) were not coded correctly. The violating manufacturers and dealers sold over 1100 illegal off-highway recreational vehicles in California.

The Board approved the off-highway recreational vehicles regulations in 1994. These rules established emission standards and test procedures for off-highway vehicles including: off-road motorcycles and all-terrain vehicles; engines used in specialty vehicles and go-carts; and golf carts themselves. In 1998, ARB amended these regulations allowing some of the OHRVs not meeting California's strictest standards to operate in designated areas, but only outside peak ozone periods. In addition, specialty vehicles and go-carts were taken out of the OHRV regulation and put in other ARB regulations. To comply with these allowances vehicles must be certified as non-compliant and be clearly marked with a "C" or "3" in the eighth character of the VIN. The C or 3 allows the Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) to identify the vehicle, using a red sticker, as a "limited use vehicle." These are vehicles that do not meet the more stringent emissions standards but are still legal to be operated in designated areas during low ozone seasons. The dates of the seasons, generally late spring to mid-fall, vary according to local air quality management district regulations.

To resolve the alleged violations, the non-complying OHRV manufacturers and dealers settled with the ARB and have paid penalties totaling $88,525. Most of the settling manufacturers have quickly certified the OHRV engine families in dispute and many of the manufacturers have gone to great lengths and costs to correct the miscoded VINs or to repurchase and replace the uncertified OHRVs.

Cases against Yerf Dog and Moss Mosquito OHRV manufacturers are still pending.

Violating Manufacturers

Violating Dealers

Kasea Trading Company, LTD

Costco Wholesale

Gas Gas USA

Sam's Club

Action North America, Inc. (Polini)


Transnational Outdoor Power, LLC (Trex and Sundiro)


The Air Resources Board is a department of the California Environmental Protection Agency. ARB's mission is to promote and protect public health, welfare, and ecological resources through effective reduction of air pollutants while recognizing and considering effects on the economy. The ARB oversees all air pollution control efforts in California to attain and maintain health based air quality standards.

The energy challenge facing California is real. Every Californian needs to take immediate action to reduce energy consumption. For a list of simple ways you can reduce demand and cut your energy cost, see our website at