Light-duty Projects in Action

CARB's light-duty vehicle and clean transportation equity investments support the long-term transformation of California's fleet and help us meet our clean air, climate change and equity goals. Both clean transportation vehicle purchase and clean mobility incentives aim to bring funding directly to disadvantaged and lower income consumers and communities in an effort to increase access to clean transportation.

Summary Pages for Low Carbon Transportation Light-duty Projects

The summary pages includes lessons learned and project highlights for each of the light-duty vehicle purchase and clean mobility incentive projects as of fall 2019.

Clean Vehicle Ownership Incentives

CARB's vehicle purchase incentives help provide affordable solutions for income-qualified residents and those in disadvantaged communities to purchase or lease cleaner, more fuel-efficient cars.

Since July 2015, the Clean Cars 4 All program (formerly known as the Enhanced Fleet Modernization Plus-Up Pilot Project - EFMP) has been available in the South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) as the 'Replace Your Ride' program, and in the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (SJVAPCD) as 'Drive Clean in the San Joaquin'. The Bay Area AQMD (BAAQMD) launched the 'Clean Cars For All' program in May 2019. The Sacramento Metropolitan AQMD (SAQMD) Clean Cars 4 All program is expected to launch early 2020.

The following program statistics represent data reported from the start of the SCAQMD, SJVAPCD, and BAAQMD programs through October 2019:
  • Replaced a total of 6,868 vehicles - 4,669 vehicles in the SCAQMD (68%), 2,153 vehicles in the SJVAPCD (31%), and 46 vehicles in the BAAQMD (<1%)
  • Of the total 6,868 replacement vehicles:
    • 767 (11%) are battery electric vehicles (BEV)
    • 4 (<1%) are fuel cell vehicles (FCV)
    • 3,246 (47%) are plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV)
    • 2,341 (34%) are conventional hybrid electric vehicles (HEV)
    • 2 (<1%) are for alternate mobility options
    • 504 (7%) are internal combustion engines
    • 6 (<1%) were replaced with alternative mobility options, such as transit passes
    • 91% of participants live in or near a disadvantaged community (in a zip code containing a disadvantaged community)
    • 90% of all participants have household incomes equal to or less than 225% of the federal poverty level
For additional summarized program information visit CARB's CC4A Summary Report webpage:
https://ww2.arb.ca.gov/efmp-scrap-and-replace-and-cc4a-summary-report

The Clean Cars 4 All program is using $40 million from previous year's remaining funding to continue the program through FY 2019-2020.
CVRP supports increasing the number of zero emission vehicles (ZEVs) on California's roadways to meet deployment goals and achieve large-scale transformation of the fleet while also providing support to increase ZEV adoption in low-income communities. CVRP provides consumers with vehicle rebates on a first-come, first-served basis for new battery electric (BEV), fuel cell electric (FCEV), plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEV), and zero-emission motorcycles (ZEM). The program is available to California residents that meet income eligibility requirements and California based businesses, fleets, communities, and local governments. Consumers with household incomes less than or equal to 300 percent of the federal poverty level are eligible for an increased rebate amount. Public fleets are eligible for increased rebates for vehicles domiciled at facilities within the boundaries of a disadvantaged community census tract.

The following CVRP statistics represent data reported as of February 2020:
  • Provided nearly 366,000 vehicles rebates throughout California
  • 16,217 of these rebates have been increased rebates issued to lower-income consumers, totaling over $66 million
  • Approximately 62% of rebates went to BEVs
  • Approximately 36% of rebates went to PHEVs
  • Approximately 2% of rebates went to FCEV and ZEMs
  • Made available over 40 eligible vehicle models
An interactive graphical tool that provides access to additional, current data is available at: cleanvehiclerebate.org/eng/rebate-statistics

A total of $238 million in funding has been allocated to continue CVRP for FY 2019-2020. At least $25 million is used to support increased CVRP rebates for lower-income applicants and $1 million set aside for DGS procurement of public fleet point of sale incentives.
Financing assistance provides eligible consumers buy-down and financing opportunities to purchase or lease a new or used clean vehicle, such as a conventional hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), plug-in hybrid (PHEV), or battery electric vehicle (BEV).

Since June 2018, the Beneficial State Foundation (BSF) has administered the statewide Financing Assistance project known as the Clean Vehicle Assistance Program. Since December 2015, the Community Housing Development Corporation (CHDC) has administered the Driving Clean Assistance Program, a regional Financing Assistance pilot project for low-income residents in the Bay Area and Sacramento.

The following program statistics represent data reported for both the statewide and regional programs through October 2019:

The CHDC Driving Clean Assistance Program has:
  • Helped 80 participants into clean vehicles:
    • About 9% BEV
    • About 64% PHEV
    • About 27% HEV
  • Helped provide residents more dependable transportation options and improved access to services.
The BSF Clean Vehicle Assistance Program has:
  • Helped 440 participants purchase a clean vehicle
    • About 41% BEV
    • About 46% PHEV
    • About 13% HEV
A total of $10.9 million allocation was split between the statewide and regional programs in order to expand current projects in Fiscal Year 2019-2020.

Car Sharing and Other Clean Mobility Options

Clean Mobility Options Voucher Pilot provides funding for various community clean transportation projects (other than vehicle ownership), including zero-emission and plug-in hybrid car sharing, vanpools, electric and regular bicycle sharing, ride-hailing, and other clean mobility options. These projects, which serve low-income residents and residents of disadvantaged communities are intended to be both flexible and responsive to the diverse transportation needs across California communities.

Regional Projects Providing Clean Mobility Options


Car Sharing
City of Los Angeles, $4,669,343 (CARB Contribution)

Serves the LA communities of Westlake, Koreatown, Pico-Union, Downtown, Echo Park, Boyle Heights, and Chinatown

  • All-electric carsharing with more than 80 stations, 400 charging points and 300 cars planned in Los Angeles
  • Members have access to a network of shared electric vehicles 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, at self-service locations
  • Discounted memberships are available for low-income qualified community members
Lessons learned and project highlights
Sacramento Metropolitan AQMD, $4,363,847 (CARB Contribution)

Serves affordable housing communities in the Sacramento region

  • Two-electric vehicles and two chargers are available to residents at each community site
  • Seven community housing sites currently have service, with 4-6 new sites launching by the end of 2019
  • Residents reserve vehicles for up to 3-hours for free or reduced cost to run errands, get to appointments, and take local trips
Lessons learned and project highlights
San Joaquin Valley APCD, $749,800 (CARB Contribution)

Serves disadvantaged communities throughout San Joaquin Valley

  • Project will fund 12 electric vehicles and at least 31 charging locations
  • Currently eight level 2 chargers, two level 3 chargers, five Chevy Bolts, and three Tesla Model X vehicles are in service
  • Participants will have affordable access to electric vehicles without the burden of vehicle ownership
Lessons learned and project highlights
San Joaquin Valley APCD, $2,250,000 (CARB Contribution)

Serves disadvantaged communities throughout San Joaquin Valley

  • Miocar is an affordable, all electric carsharing service for residents in small, rural locations within Kern and Tulare Counties
  • The carsharing service includes at least 24 electric vehicles and 17 level 2 chargers
  • The pilot also supports a free smartphone app, Vamos Mobility, which helps connect transit options in San Joaquin and Stanislaus Counties
Lessons learned and project highlights
Metropolitan Transportation Commission, $2,250,000 (CARB Contribution)

Affordable Housing Developments in Richmond, Oakland, and San Jose

  • The projects is in the design phase of development and focused on better understanding residents’ clean transportation and mobility needs, travel behavior, and related concerns in their communities.
  • Community transportation needs assessments, consisting of resident surveys, focus groups, and interviews, were completed at each housing development in the summer of 2019 to ensure the selected mobility mix addresses the unique needs of residents.
  • The project is anticipated to launch in 2020 and will provide community hubs with tailored clean transportation and mobility options such as electric vehicle car sharing, bike sharing, e-scooter sharing, and free transit passes based on needs assessment findings.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Ride Sharing
Community Bridges, $268,219 (CARB Contribution)

Watsonville, California

  • First all-electric paratransit vehicles in Santa Cruz County
  • Replaced two existing gas-powered shuttles with two 16-seat electric shuttles equipped with wheelchair lifts and installed two public-accessible level 2 charging stations
  • Offers free rides to low-income elderly and disabled passengers in need of door-to-door transportation to medical appointments, meal sites, etc.
Lessons learned and project highlights
California Vanpool Authority (CalVans), $10,700,000 (CARB Contribution)

Agricultural Workers in low-income and disadvantaged communities statewide

  • Deployed 154, 15-passenger hybrid vans and an additional 111 hybrid vans will be deployed in the spring of 2019 (for a total of 265 hybrid vans)
  • Provides safe, convenient and reliable clean transportation access for agricultural workers living in disadvantaged and low income communities
  • Riders pay a modest fee to ride
Lessons learned and project highlights


Clean Mobility in Schools Pilot Projects

The Clean Mobility in Schools Pilot Projects, which are located within disadvantaged communities, intend to encourage and accelerate the deployment of new zero-emission school buses, school fleet vehicles, passenger cars, lawn and garden equipment, and can incorporate alternative modes of transportation like transit vouchers, active transportation elements, and bicycle share programs. Projects will introduce students, teachers, parents, and staff to advanced clean transportation options and have the capability to significantly demonstrate project benefits, including the much-needed education and outreach elements, in and around the school community.

El Monte Union High School District, $9.8 million

Project will be implemented at six high schools and one bus garage.

  • 10 battery electric school buses and charging infrastructure
  • Energy storage, new with existing solar
  • Zero-emission commercial grade landscape and custodial vehicles
  • Battery electric passenger vehicles for car sharing and van pooling for school purposes
  • Workforce training and zero-emission technology curriculum
  • Active transportation plan
  • Robust communication plan
San Diego Unified School District, $9.8 million

Project will be implemented at Lincoln High School and 14 nearby elementary and middle schools.

  • 13 battery electric school buses and charging infrastructure
  • Active transportation outreach and assessments
  • Electric Bicycle Pilot Program for senior students, staff and teachers
  • Vouchers for public transit for staff and teachers
  • Energy storage
  • Battery electric passenger vehicles for car sharing and van pooling for school purposes
  • A replicable template for other districts developed by a Technical Advisory Committee
Stockton Unified School District, $4.9 million

Project proposes a phased approach to make the most significant changes as soon as possible, while creating a master plan detailing the most effective way to achieve a fully zero-emission school district.

  • 4 battery electric school buses and charging infrastructure
  • Zero-emission commercial grade landscape and custodial equipment
  • Develop peer-led educational programs and materials for students, faculty, staff, and community members
  • Carbon emissions analysis of both baseline and future pathways
  • Examination of the costs and benefits of providing charging infrastructure for district staff, as well as vehicle to grid capabilities to support total system resiliency