Heavy-duty Projects in Action

Cap-and-Trade dollars are helping California transition to cleaner transportation options – from improving consumer access to passenger cars to supporting the development of cleaner commercial trucks and equipment that operate throughout the state. Below are highlights from each of these categories.

Summary pages of all low carbon transportation heavy-duty projects

The summary pages of all low carbon transportation heavy-duty projects include lessons learned and status updates for each project as of spring 2019.

Heavy-duty Vehicles and Off-Road Equipment Investments

This project category supports the transformation of the on-road and off-road fleet to clean technologies by demonstrating new technologies and advancing commercial viability through pilot projects. All demonstration projects will either be located in or will benefit disadvantaged communities.

Statewide program provides vouchers for California purchasers of up to $175,000 for zero-emission buses, up to $300,000 for fuel cell buses and Class 7 and 8 trucks, up to $45,000 for Low NOx trucks and buses, and up to $30,000 for eligible hybrid trucks and buses. The program helps offset the higher costs of clean vehicles and additional incentives are available for providing disadvantaged community benefits.

As of March 5, 2020:
HVIP and Low NOx Engine Incentives have supported the purchase of 915 zero emission trucks and buses, 2,502 hybrid trucks, 1,310 low NOx engines, and 162 trucks outfitted with electric power take off systems (ePTOs) by California fleets.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Battery and fuel cell buses better serve communities’ transit needs, substantially reduce greenhouse gas emissions, eliminate criteria pollutants, and provide economic benefits.

San Joaquin Valley Transit Electrification Project - $13.4 million
Project includes fifteen (15) Proterra battery electric buses, thirteen (13) depot charging stations including two (2) fast chargers along bus routes. The made-in-California buses will be operated by transit agencies in Fresno, Stockton, Modesto, and Visalia. The first two (2) buses arrived in the Fall of 2017 at Stockton RTD.
Lessons learned and project highlights

City of Porterville Transit Electrification Project - $9.5 million
Project includes the purchase and operation of ten (10) GreenPower, 40-foot zero-emission all electric transit buses with depot charging. Buses will be deployed on all fixed routes based from the Porterville Transit Center. The first two buses will be in service by early Spring 2018.
Lessons learned and project highlights

SunLine Transit Agency Fuel Cell Bus Deployment - $12.6 million
Project includes five (5) New Flyer fuel cell buses with Hydrogenics fuel cells and upgrades to the agencies hydrogen refueling station with onsite renewable generation. The buses will be operated on two routes daily from Indio to Mecca/Oasis. The first bus is expected in Fall 2018.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Center for Transportation and the Environment Fuel Cell Bus Project - $22.3 million
Project proposes to build twenty (20) fuel cell electric buses to operate in Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District (25 routes) in the Bay Area and the Orange County Transportation Authority (5 routes) in Southern California. The first bus is expected in Summer 2018.
Lessons learned and project highlights
Sacramento Regional Zero-Emission School Bus Deployment Project - $7.6 million
Project includes twenty-nine (29) state-of-the-art zero-emission school buses with 29 charging ports. The project will serve as a large-scale success story that battery electric buses best serve school’s transportation needs, substantially reduce GHG emissions, and eliminate toxic emission exposures to children.
Eight (8) eLion zero-emission buses are already in service and picking up students at Twin Rivers School District.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Rural School Bus Pilot Project - $63 million
Statewide program to replace older diesel school buses with new cleaner technology options. Funding is also available for charging and/or fueling equipment. The program is designed to give preference to school districts in small and medium sized air districts.
  • Year 1 – delivered 44 school buses – Complete
  • Year 2 and Year 3 – Anticipate 160 school buses to be delivered – In Progress
  • Year 4 – Anticipate 10 school buses funded – Application Solicitation Period anticipated Fall/Winter 2020


Lessons learned and project highlights
Green On-Road Linen Delivery Project - $7.1 million
Project includes twenty (20) zero-emission all-electric walk-in-van delivery vehicles to be used in linen deliveries. AmeriPride’s locations in Fresno, Bakersfield, Stockton and Merced allow them as a business to demonstrate the technology in disadvantaged communities. This will also allow them to evaluate the technology for use in their other locations throughout North America.

  • AmeriPride provides linen, uniforms, floor mats, restroom and cleaning products to nearly 150,000 customers every week.
  • The residents of San Joaquin Valley will benefit from a reduction in carbon emissions and criteria pollutants.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Goodwill Industries Electric Delivery Vehicle Project - $2.7 million
Project includes eleven (11) BYD zero-emission battery electric trucks within the Goodwill collection donation areas in the Bay Area.

  • Goodwill Industries serves disadvantaged communities in the San Francisco Bay Area by increasing job readiness and career opportunities through workforce development programs.
  • The project will build a national model for electrifying Goodwill Industries' fleet of trucks.
Lessons learned and project highlights

USPS Zero-Emission Delivery Truck Pilot Commercial Deployment Project - $4.5 million
Effort to deploy fifteen (15) zero-emission battery electric USPS “step vans” and associated charging infrastructure across two USPS hubs in Stockton and Fresno.

  • The project is expected to reduce carbon dioxide by 247.9 metric per year.
  • The project will also provide economic, environmental, and public health co-benefits to disadvantaged communities, while demonstrating the practicality and economic viability of the widespread adoption of a variety of zero-emission medium and heavy-duty vehicle technologies.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Battery Electric Drayage Truck Demonstration - $23.7 million
A statewide demonstration of forty-four (44) zero-emission battery electric and plug-in hybrid drayage trucks serving major California ports, including the Ports of Los Angeles and Oakland. The class 8 trucks and charging infrastructure will be used in five air districts (South Coast, Bay Area, San Joaquin Valley, Sacramento, and San Diego) providing emission reduction benefits in key areas of California. The first trucks began operation early in 2018 with a second wave of deployments starting in 2019.
  • This is the first large-scale demonstration of zero-emission Class 8 trucks that involves major manufacturers, including BYD, Kenworth, Peterbilt and Volvo.
  • Freight transport in California is a major economic engine for the state but also accounts for about half of toxic diesel particulate matter (PM 2.5), 45 percent of the emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) that form ozone and fine particulate matter in the atmosphere, and 6 percent of all GHG emissions in California.
Lessons learned and project highlights

San Bernardino County Transportation Authority MSF Demonstration Project - $9.1 million
In San Bernardino, Commerce, and Fontana, twenty-six (26) BYD zero-emission battery electric yard trucks and service trucks will replace diesel powered trucks at freight facilities. The trucks will operate at two BNSF rail yards and a Daylight Transport truck freight facility. This project will accelerate the commercialization of heavy-duty advanced, zero-emission technologies. The first truck is expected to start operating in early 2017.

  • The zero-emission trucks are expected to reduce carbon dioxide by 3,500 tons, nitrogen oxide by 3,250 pounds, and diesel soot (PM10) by 170.
  • The truck electrification will help provide a model that could be scaled to any facility.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Opposed Piston Engine Class 8 Heavy Duty On-Road Demonstration - $7 million
This project will build and demonstrate opposed piston engine equipped class 8 heavy-duty line haul trucks that will demonstrate the CARB ultra-low NOx emissions target (0.02 g / bhp-hr) with at least a 15% reduction in CO2 when compared to a 2017 commercial vehicle equipped with a current diesel engine.

  • Walmart and Tyson Foods will run these demonstration vehicles in revenue service on regional long haul routes, based from disadvantaged community locations in the central valley and LA area.
  • This engine will improve fuel consumption and NOx emissions in segment by 30-50% once mass adoption is achieved.
Lessons learned and project highlights

San Joaquin Valley Electric Tractor Development and Demonstration -
$1.5 million

In partnership with Project Clean Air, HummingbirdEV will develop, design and deploy four 50 HP all-electric tractors to be tested at multiple Moonlight Companies’ facilities. HummingbirdEV will also build an electric Class 6 truck for Moonlight Companies with the purpose of replacing the current diesel Class 6 trucks.

  • The Fresno State Transportation Institute will provide third party data collection and analysis.
  • A key component of the analysis will include the paring of an electric tractor with a diesel tractor and the two will perform identical tasks to show true GHG and emission reductions.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Port of LA Multi-Source Facility Demonstration Project - $14.5 million
The Los Angeles Harbor Department (Port of LA) will operate multiple near zero- or zero-emission technologies to move goods from ships through the Green Omni Terminal.
  • The electrified cargo handling equipment includes four (4) yard tractors, three (3) 21-ton forklifts, and two on-road drayage trucks.
  • An at-berth vessel emissions control system will be integrated into the project to address the largest source of GHG and priority pollutant emissions at the terminal.
  • A 1-megawatt rooftop solar photovoltaic array will be added to the terminal to supplement current power usage and to help meet 100% of electricity demands for terminal operations.
  • Each year, the project is expected to reduce carbon dioxide by 2,269 tons, diesel soot (PM10) by 0.53 tons, and nitrogen oxide by 17.21 tons.
  • This project will help initiate change in the port complex and provide cost-effective and scalable solutions for thousands of other marine terminals and distribution facilities.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Fast Track Fuel Cell Truck Project - $5 million
GTI and TransPower will deploy a total of five (5) fuel cell- electric hybrid trucks in Southern California, operated by two major truck fleet operators in a phased roll-out. The three trucks deployed in the first phase will be operated for 15 months at the Port of Los Angeles. Two additional trucks, using a different fuel cell, will be deployed in a second phase and will be operated for 12 months throughout the San Diego and Los Angeles regions.
  • The trucks will be supported by charging and mobile hydrogen fueling infrastructure located at the Ports of Los Angeles and San Diego, much of which is already planned or in place.
  • Frontier Energy will coordinate training, data collection and reporting and Center for Sustainable Energy will coordinate local community outreach.
  • The proposed project will benefit disadvantaged communities near the Ports of Los Angeles and San Diego, and other disadvantaged communities through which the trucks will operate.
Lessons learned and project highlights

C-PORT: The Commercialization of POLB Off-Road Technology Demonstration Project - $5.3 million
C-PORT will advance the economic viability of three types of pre-commercial, zero-emission cargo handling equipment at the Port of Long Beach. The demonstration will include a head-to-head comparison of battery electric and fuel cell electric yard trucks at a single site in addition to three battery-electric top handers, helping to identify the benefits of each technology as relevant to specific duty cycles and applications.
  • Three (3) battery-electric top handlers, equipment that is critical in Port of Long Beach's ongoing operations.
  • A battery-electric yard truck, featuring TransPower's battery-electric drivetrain, advanced automated manual transmission.
  • A fuel cell-electric yard truck using LOOP Energy's advanced, pre-commercial eFlow hydrogen fuel cell system that increases fuel cell power production per unit of fuel cell area by 40 percent.
  • This project will be located in a disadvantaged community and will directly benefit the community via targeted education and outreach through high school and community college programs.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Demonstration of Zero-Emission Technologies for Freight Operations at Ports - $6.5 million
The project team, led by the Center for Transportation and the Environment, will build an electric top loader with wireless inductive charging and fuel cell range extender for demonstration at the Port of Los Angeles.
The electric top loader with a fuel cell range extender will be developed, integrated, and built by Hyster Yale Group, with the fuel cell engine provided by Nuvera and wireless charging provided by WAVE. The vertical integration of zero-emission equipment by a major OEM provides a clear path towards commercialization and represents the commitment of the OEMs to develop and commercialize advanced technologies that are necessary to meet California's air quality and climate goals.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Zero-Emission Hydrogen Ferry Demonstration Project - $3 million
This project will deploy a zero-emission hydrogen fuel ferry potentially providing cargo transportation, excursion cruises, and possibly passenger service, serving the Port of San Francisco, Port of Oakland, Port of Redwood City and the City of Martinez.
Lessons learned and project highlights

San Joaquin Valley Zero-Emission Cargo Handling Demonstration Project - $772,555
The San Joaquin Valley Zero-Emission Cargo Handling Demonstration Project will accelerate the commercial deployment of zero-emission off-road technologies by demonstrating state-of-the-art battery-electric heavy-duty forklifts at the Port of Stockton.

The project will demonstrate two heavy-duty, 30,000-pound lift capacity, fully battery-electric forklifts that will provide economic and environmental benefits and demonstrate the scalability, practicality, and economic viability of widespread transformation of zero-emission heavy-duty cargo handling equipment.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Zero-Emission Track-Miles Locomotive Demonstration Project - $2.7 million
The Port of Los Angeles has partnered with VeRail Technologies, Inc. to build and demonstrate a zero-emission switcher locomotive in the San Pedro Bay Ports. Vehicles/Equipment Funded:
  • 1 EMD SD40 locomotive frame, stripped of original power system
  • Twelve 233kW battery modules, totaling 2.8 MWh of storage capacity
  • Completely redesigned cooling system
  • Battery mounting system and control computer
Lessons learned and project highlights

Port of Los Angeles Green Omni Terminal - $14.5 million
The City of Los Angeles Harbor Department and Pasha Stevedoring and Terminal are implementing the Green Omni Terminal project that incorporates zero emission vehicles and cargo handling equipment to move goods from ships through the terminal to clean truck transportation to their final destinations. Vehicles/Equipment Funded:
  • Four Battery Electric Yard Tractors
  • Three Battery Electric 21-ton Forklift Repowers
  • Two Battery Electric On-road Drayage Trucks
  • One At-berth Vessel Emission Control System
Lessons learned and project highlights

Zero-Emission from Farm to Table - $4.6 million
This project will coordinate the demonstration of electric medium- and heavy-duty vehicles engaged in the movement of goods along two adjacent California trade corridors: San Francisco Bay Area and Central Valley. Vehicles/Equipment Funded:
  • Lightning Systems Class 4 Trucks
  • Lightning Systems Class 6 Trucks
  • Thor Class 6 Trucks
  • Thor Class 8 Trucks
  • eMotorWerks Level 2 Chargers
  • Tritium DC Fast Chargers
  • Solar Photovoltaic Array
Lessons learned and project highlights

Zero-Emission for California Ports - $5.8 million
The objective of this project is to validate the commercial viability of zero-emissions hybrid fuel cell-electric yard trucks operating in a demanding, real-world cargo-handling application at the Port of Los Angeles. Vehicles/Equipment Funded:
  • Two hybrid fuel cell – electric yard trucks
  • HTEC’s stationary-placed mobile tube-trailer hydrogen fueling system
Lessons learned and project highlights

Zero-Emission Freight "Shore to Store" Project - $41.1 million
This project consists of three major components, each combining with ongoing demonstrations at the Port to showcase a snapshot of the Zero Emission supply chain of the future, and will provide a model by which freight facilities can structure their operations. Vehicles/Equipment Funded:
  • Ten hydrogen fuel cell Class 8 on-road trucks, developed by Toyota and Kenworth
  • One large capacity hydrogen fueling station in Wilmington, CA
  • One large capacity hydrogen fueling station in Ontario, CA
  • Two electric yard tractors at the Port of Hueneme
Lessons learned and project highlights

Sustainable Terminals Accelerating Regional Transformation - $50 million
The project will demonstrate what sustainable supply chains of the future can look like: containers delivered by the world’s cleanest vessels, loaded onto zero-emission yard tractors, handled by zero-emission top handlers and rubber-tired gantry (RTG) cranes, transferred to zero-emission trucks headed for an off-dock cargo-handling facility. Vehicles/Equipment Funded:

Port of Long Beach (All Battery-Electric)
  • 33 Yard Tractors
  • 1 Top Handler
  • 9 Rubber-Tired Gantry Cranes
  • 5 Class 8 Drayage Trucks
Port of Oakland (All Battery-Electric)
  • 5 Yard Tractors
  • 1 Top Handler
  • 10 Class 8 Drayage Trucks
Port of Stockton (All Battery-Electric)
  • 34 Forklifts
  • 1 Rail Car Mover
Lessons learned and project highlights

Net-Zero Farming and Freight Facility Demonstration Project - $3.3 million
This project will deliver five zero emission, all electric battery class 7 trucks with all-electric transport refrigeration units (eTRUs) to the main demonstration site, Moonlight Companies in Reedley, California. Vehicles/Equipment Funded:
  • Five Class 7 single trucks will be designed & developed as full battery electric for Ag Fruit Freight Transport.
  • Five TRU boxes, as battery electric eTRUs, specifically for fruit transport between packing and cold storage warehouse facilities.
  • Each Class 7 eTruck will receive an eTRU to serve as a complete Zero Emissions refrigerated transport unit truck to serve the “First 5 to 15 miles” of agriculture freight movement to market.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Volvo Low Impact Green Heavy Transportation Solutions - $44.8 million
This project will create a zero emission goods movement system from the Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles to four freight handling facilities in disadvantaged communities. Vehicles/Equipment Funded:
  • 23 Heavy-duty battery electric trucks
  • 29 Off-road battery electric tractors
  • 58 Non-proprietary Level 2 and DC fast chargers
  • 1.9 million kWh annual solar energy
Lessons learned and project highlights

Flexible Solutions for Freight Facilities - $22.6 million
This project is a BNSF Railway-led initiative to demonstrate zero and near-zero emission technologies in and around its yards. Vehicles/Equipment Funded:
  • One GE Transportation Battery Electric Locomotive
  • Two Mi-Jack hybrid-electric rubber-tire gantry crane
  • One Taylor Machine Works, Inc. all-electric side loader
  • One BYD all-electric Class 8 drayage truck
Lessons learned and project highlights

Frito Lay Transformative Zero and Near Zero Emission Freight Facility Project - $15.4 million
This project aims to completely replace the use of all diesel-powered freight equipment within one of Frito-Lay’s largest food production, warehouse and regional distribution facilities. Vehicles/Equipment Funded:
  • Fifteen Tesla heavy-duty battery electric tractors
  • Six Peterbilt 220e battery electric trucks
  • Three BYD battery electric yard trucks
  • Twelve BYD Lithium-Ion battery electric forklifts
  • Thirty Eight Volvo VNL tractors with ISX12N low NOx engine
  • Compressed natural gas fueling station providing renewable fuel
  • One MW photovoltaic array with energy storage
  • Truck charging systems and energy storage
Lessons learned and project highlights

Fuel Cell Hybrid Electric Delivery Van Deployment - $4.3 million
The objective of this project is to promote future commercialization of fuel cell system retrofit kits that will significantly transform the parcel delivery market while achieving greenhouse gas, criteria pollutant, and toxic emission reduction. Under the Zero-and Near Zero-Emission Freight Facilities Project grant, CARB will fund the following equipment:
  • Fifteen (15) fuel cell hybrid electric delivery vans integrated by Unique Electric Solutions.
  • Fifteen (15) “HD30” 30-kW fuel cell engines developed and built by Hydrogenics USA.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Next Generation Fuel Cell Delivery Van Deployment - $5.8 million
The project team, led by Center for Transportation and the Environment (CTE), will build and demonstrate four fuel cell hybrid-electric walk-in delivery vans featuring Linamar’s new Gen 2.0 eAxle design. Under the Zero-and Near Zero-Emission Freight Facilities Project grant, CARB will be funding the following equipment:
  • Four (4) fuel cell hybrid electric delivery vans integrated by Linamar Corporation.
  • Four (4) “HD30” 30-kWfuel cell engines developed and built by Ballard Power Systems.
Lessons learned and project highlights

Zero-Emission Beverage Handling and Distribution at Scale - $5.5 million
The project will deploy 21 BYD Class 8 Day Cab (8TT) trucks and charging infrastructure in beverage handling and distribution services at four Anheuser-Bush (AB) distribution facilities in the LA region, and construct solar energy generation at one of the locations to offset energy demand from the chargers. This project will demonstrate how to reach zero-emissions across the range of activities at AB distribution facilities with minimal modifications to fleet logistics.
Lessons learned and project highlights