The Air Resources Board (the "Board" or "ARB") will conduct a

public meeting at the time and place noted below to consider a

non-regulatory status report on the Antiperspirant and Deodorant


DATE: June 26, 1997

TIME: 9:30 a.m.

PLACE: California Air Resources Board

Board Hearing Room, Lower Level

2020 L Street

Sacramento, California

This item will be considered at a two-day meeting of the Board,

which will commence at 9:30 a.m., June 26, 1997, and will

continue at 8:30 a.m., June 27, 1997. This item may not be

considered until June 27, 1997. Please consult the agenda for

the meeting, which will be available at least 10 days before

June 25, 1997, to determine the day on which this item will be


On November 8, 1989, the Board adopted a regulation for reducing

volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from antiperspirants

and deodorants (the "antiperspirant and deodorant regulation,"

sections 94500-94506.5, Title 17, California Code of

Regulations). Subsequent to that approval, other amendments

were approved on October 11, 1990; January 9, 1992; and

September 28, 1995.

This regulation establishes VOC standards for both aerosol and

non-aerosol antiperspirants and deodorants. These VOC standards

are based on the vapor pressure of VOCs. High volatility organic

compounds (HVOCs , or compounds with a vapor pressure of greater

than 80mm Hg at 20oC) are regulated in these products separately

from medium volatility organic compounds (MVOCs, or compounds with

vapor pressures of greater than 2mm Hg and less than or equal to

80mm Hg when measured at 20oC). HVOCs are the propellants used

in aerosol products, whereas the MVOC used in both aerosols and

non-aerosols is generally ethanol. VOCs with vapor pressures

less than 2mm Hg when measured at 20oC (low volatility organic

compounds (LVOCs)) are exempt from the regulation.

The regulation is designed to achieve an overall 80 percent

reduction in the VOC emissions from antiperspirants and

deodorants, in three phases. The first phase, which placed

a "cap" on the VOC contents of existing antiperspirants and

deodorants, became effective in 1991. The second phase became

effective December 31, 1992, and limited the HVOC and MVOC

concentrations in aerosol antiperspirants to 60 percent HVOC and

20 percent MVOC, and for aerosol deodorants to 20 percent HVOC

and 20 percent MVOC. HVOC and MVOC standards were set at zero

for non-aerosol products. The final phase, which is designed to

achieve the overall 80 percent reduction in VOC emissions, became

effective January 1, 1995, and requires the HVOC content of

aerosol deodorants and antiperspirants to be zero percent and

the MVOC content not to exceed 10 percent by weight. However,

as part of the amendments approved by the Board on

September 28, 1995, an interim standard, effective

January 1, 1997, was incorporated for those manufacturers

who applied for and received an extension to January 1, 1999

of the January 1, 1995 HVOC limit as allowed under the

"Special Requirements for Aerosol Manufacturers" provision.

This standard establishes an HVOC content limit of 40 percent

for aerosol antiperspirants and 14 percent for aerosol

deodorants, and is commonly referred to as the

"40/14 standard." In response and recognition of the

challenging task to meet the January 1, 1999, standards,

the regulation also requires staff to report on the progress

made by industry to the Board by July 1, 1997.

In order to update the Board on manufacturers' progress in

meeting the VOC standards in the antiperspirant and deodorant

regulation, staff will present a status report to the Board at

the June 26, 1997, public meeting. At this meeting, staff will

provide the Board with the current status of our discussions

with antiperspirant and deodorant manufacturers pertaining to

their efforts to develop complying aerosol antiperspirants and

deodorants. Based on the discussions to date, there is general

consensus that manufacturers have been diligently working to

develop products to meet the January 1, 1999, HVOC limit in the

antiperspirant and deodorant regulation. However, there are

concerns regarding technical challenges that manufacturers have

encountered in reformulating their products to meet the

January 1, 1999, standard. As a result of these concerns, there

is a commitment on the part of industry representatives and ARB

staff to continue to work together over the next few months to

seek a means to provide manufacturers flexibility in meeting the

standard while preserving the emission benefits associated with

the January 1, 1999, standards.

ARB staff will present its status report at the ARB meeting

referenced above. Interested members of the public may also

present comments orally or in writing . Written comments must

be filed with the Clerk of the Board , Air Resources Board,

P.O. Box 2815, Sacramento, California, 95812, no later than

12:00 noon June 25, 1997, or received by the Clerk of the Board

at the meeting. Twenty copies of any written statement should

be submitted.

Further inquiries regarding this matter should be directed to

Genevieve Shiroma, Chief, Air Quality Measures Branch, Stationary

Source Division, 2020 L Street, Sacramento, California

95812-2815, (916) 322-7072.



Michael P. Kenny

Executive Officer

Date: May 30, 1997