California Environmental Protection Agency

   

Air Resources Board

STAFF REPORT
FOR THE PROPOSED
SUGGESTED CONTROL MEASURE FOR
ARCHITECTURAL COATINGS

Released Date:
June 6, 2000

This report has been prepared by the staff of the Air Resources Board.
Publication does not signify that the contents reflect the views and policies of the Air Resources Board,
nor does mention of trade names or commercial products constitute endorsement or recommendation for use.


Prepared by:

Stationary Source Division, Air Resources Board

Reviewed by:

Barbara A. Fry,

Manager, Measures Development Section

Jim Nyarady,

Manager, Strategy Evaluation Section

Janette M. Brooks,

Chief, Air Quality Measures Branch

Donald J. Ames,

Assistant Chief, Stationary Source Division

Peter D. Venturini,

Chief, Stationary Source Division

JUNE 2000


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This report and the proposed California architectural coating suggested control measure were developed by the following Air Resources Board staff:

Nancy Adams

 

Greg Allen

 

Andrew Chew,

M.S.

Lesley Crowell

 

Marline Hicks

 

Mike Jaczola

 

Robert Jenne,

J.D.

David Julian,

P.E.

Sue Kaiser,

M.A.

Reza Mahdavi,

Ph.D.

Paul Milkey

 

Liz Ota,

M.S.

Floyd Vergara,

P.E.

Evan Wong,

M.S.

Cheryl Young,

M.S.
We would like to extend our appreciation to the:
  California Air Pollution Control Officers Association (CAPCOA)
  CAPCOA Architectural Coatings Working Group,
  Jack Broadbent, Laki Tisopulos, Naveen Berry, and Darren Stroud of the South Coast Air Quality Management District
  National Paint and Coatings Association (NPCA)
  Roof Coatings Manufacturers Association (RCMA)
  Society for Protective Coatings 
  Paint and Decorating Contractors of America 
for facilitating discussion among industry and governmental representatives. We also would like to thank those coating manufacturers that met with ARB staff to share specific technical information regarding their products.
 
  We would also like to express our appreciation, in memoriam, to Johnny Gordon,
for providing his expertise over the years, especially as Chairman of the Air Resources Board's
Architectural Coatings Task Force (1981-1988). 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

VOLUME I: INTRODUCTION AND EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

I

Introduction

 

A. History and Background    

II

Executive Summary    

 

A. Introduction    

 

B. Summary of Proposed Suggested Control Measure (SCM)  

 

C. SCM Development Process and Evaluation of Alternatives  

 

D. Compliance with the SCM Proposal    

 

E. Environmental Impacts    

 

F. Economic Impacts    

 

G. Future Plans    

III

 Recommendation     

VOLUME II: TECHNICAL SUPPORT DOCUMENT

 I.  Introduction    
  A. Overview     
  B. Architectural Coatings Industry    
 

C. 

Background     
II.  Proposed Suggested Control Measure     
  A. Applicability    
  B. Definitions     
 

C. 

Standards     
 

D. 

Container Labeling Requirements     
 

E. 

Reporting Requirements     
 

F. 

Compliance Provisions and Test Methods     
 III. Process for Developing the Proposed Suggested Control Measure     
  A. 1998 Architectural Coatings Survey     
  B. Working with Districts and U.S. EPA Representatives    
  C.  Public Process    
  D. Evaluation of the National Rule     
  E.  Technology Assessment     
  F.  Evaluation of Alternatives in the Draft Program Environmental  Impact Report (EIR)
  G.  Cost Analysis     
 IV. Technical Basis for the Proposed SCM    
  A. Sales Data from ARB Survey     
  B.  Information from Coating Manufacturers, Resin Suppliers, and Other Industry Groups 
  C.  Test Results     
  D.  Existing Regulatory Limits     
  E.  Comments Received     

 V.

 Emissions    
  A. Ambient Air Quality and the Need for Emissions Reductions     
  B. Why Regulate Architectural Coatings?     
  C. Estimated Emissions from Architectural Coating     
 VI. Description and Technical Assessment of the Coating Categories    
  A.

Coating Categories For Which We Are Proposing New VOC Limits

  1. Flat-Coatings
  2. Non-flat Coatings - Low and Medium Gloss
  3. Non-flat Coatings - High Gloss
  4. Antenna Coatings
  5. Antifouling Coatings
  6. Bituminous Roof Coatings
  7. Bituminous Roof Primer Coatings
  8. Clear Brushing Lacquer Coatings
  9. Faux Finishing Coatings
  10. Fire-Resistive Coatings
  11. Floor Coatings
  12. Flow Coatings
  13. High-Temperature Coatings
  14. Industrial Maintenance Coatings
  15. Lacquer Coatings
  16. Low Solids Coatings
  17. Multi-Color Coatings
  18. Primers, Sealers, and Undercoater Coatings
  19. Quick-Dry Enamel Coatings
  20. Quick-Dry Primer, Sealer, and Undercoater Coatings
  21. Recycled Coatings
  22. Roof Coatings
  23. Rust Preventative Coatings
  24. Specialty Primer Coatings
  25. Stains
  26. Swimming Pool Coatings
  27. Swimming Pool Repair and Maintenance Coatings
  28. Temperature-Indicator Safety Coatings 214
  29. Traffic Marking Coatings
  30. Waterproofing Concrete/Masonry Sealers
  31. Waterproofing Wood Sealers
   
  B.

Coating Categories For Which The Proposed VOC Limits Are Generally Consistent With District Rules

  1. Bond Breakers
  2. Concrete Curing Compounds
  3. Dry-Fog Coatings
  4. Fire Retardant Coatings - Clear
  5. Fire-Retardant Coatings - Opaque
  6. Form Release Compounds
  7. Graphic Arts Coatings
  8. Magnesite Cement Coatings
  9. Mastic Texture Coatings
  10. Metallic Pigmented Coatings
  11. Pre-treatment Wash Primers
  12. Sanding Sealers (Non-Lacquer)
  13. Shellac - Clear
  14. Shellac - Opaque
  15. Varnishes
  16. Wood Preservatives
  C. 

Categories Not Proposed For Inclusion In The SCM 

  1. Anti-graffiti Coatings
  2. Calcimine Recoater Coatings
  3. Chalkboard Resurfacer Coatings
  4. Concrete Curing and Sealing
  5. Concrete Protective Coatings
  6. Concrete Surface Retarder Coatings
  7. Conversion Varnish Coatings
  8. Extreme High Durability Coatings
  9. Heat Reactive Coatings
  10. Impacted Immersion Coatings
  11. Nonferrous Ornamental Lacquer Coatings
  12. Nuclear Coatings
  13. Repair and Maintenance Thermoplastic Coatings
  14. Stain Controller Coatings
  15. Thermoplastic Rubber Coatings and Mastics
  16. Zone Marking Coatings
   
 VII. Environmental Impacts     
   A.  Summary of Environmental Impacts    
VIII.  Economic Impacts    
 

A.

Introduction     
 

B. 

Annual Costs and the Cost-effectiveness of the Proposed Standards 
 

C. 

Economic Impacts on California Businesses    
 

D. 

Potential Impacts on California State or Local Agencies      
 

E. 

Potential Impacts on California Consumers      
 

F. 

Mitigation of Potential Impacts Through Additional Regulatory Flexibility  
 IX. Future Activities     
 

A.

Development of Final VOC Limits     
 

B. 

Reactivity-Based Limits      
 

C. 

Architectural Coatings Survey     
 

D. 

Technology Assessments of Proposed Limits     
 

E. 

Statewide Consumer Education Program     
 

F. 

Further Extramural Research      
  G.  VOC Calculation for Water-based Coatings     

 

 APPENDIX A: Proposed Suggested Control Measure for Architectural Coatings.
 APPENDIX B: ARB-CAPCOA Suggested Control Measure for Architectural Coatings (May 1989).
 APPENDIX C: Summary of Current U.S. EPA, SCM, and District Rule VOC Limits.
 APPENDIX D: SCM Meeting/Workshops Notices.
 APPENDIX E: South Coast AQMD Phase II Assessment Study of Architectural Coatings by National Technical Systems.
 APPENDIX F: Summary of Cost Calculations.