Last reviewed on 06-22-2018

Documentation of California's Greenhouse Gas Inventory (11th Edition - Last updated on 11-06-2019)

♦ Category: Waste

IPCC: 4B - Biological Treatment of Solid Waste
Sector: Industrial : Solid Waste Treatment : Composting

♦ Activity: Feedstock processed -

♦ Greenhouse gas: Carbon dioxide from biogenic sources ( CO2 )

► Year 2007 —

● Greenhouse gas emission estimate —

Amount: 1,340,530 tonnes of CO2 From biogenic materials (1,340,530 tonnes CO2 Eq.)
Basis: Calculation
Calculation: [Feedstock Processed]*[Composting CO2 emission factor]*[Short ton to kilogram conversion]
Reference: IPCC (2006). 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, Eggleston H.S., Buendia L., Miwa K., Ngara T., and Tanabe K. (eds). Vol.5, Chap. 4: Biological Treatment of Solid Waste. Published: IGES, Japan. Accessed online at:

● Activity level used in calculations —

Activity: Feedstock processed = 3,118,227 ton
Basis: Compilation
Reference: ARB (2016). Technical support document on GHG inventory methodologies for the 2000-2014 inventory. See Discussion of emissions from composting of greenwaste available at: ttps://

● Parameters and Constants used in calculations —

Parameter: Composting CO2 emission factor = 430 g / kg
Reference: ARB (2017). Method for estimating greenhouse gas emission reductions from diversion of organic waste from landfills to compost facilities. California Air Resources Board. Available online at:
Constant: Short ton to kilogram conversion = 907.1847 kg / ton
Reference: NIST (2008). Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI). Ambler Thompson & Barry N. Taylor (Ed.). NIST Special Publication 811, 2008 edition. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD.

● Greenhouse gas from biogenic materials per unit activity (derived from values listed above) —

Amount: 429,901 g (i.e. 429.9 kg) of CO2 per ton