Last reviewed on 06-22-2018

Documentation of California's Greenhouse Gas Inventory (11th Edition - Last updated on 11-06-2019)

♦ Category: Energy

IPCC: 1A3bi - Fuel Combustion Activities - Transport - Road Transportation - Cars
Sector: Transportation : On Road : Light-duty Vehicles : Passenger Cars

♦ Activity: Fuel combustion - Gasoline

♦ Greenhouse gas: Nitrous oxide ( N2O )

► Year 2001 —

● Greenhouse gas emission estimate —

Amount: 8,815 tonnes of N2O Emitted (2,626,884 tonnes CO2 Eq.)
Basis: Calculation
Calculation: [EMFAC NOx emission] * [N2O to NOx ratio] * ([Fuel sales] / [EMFAC total fuel combustion]) * [Fraction of fuel mix]
Reference: ARB (2016). Technical support document on GHG inventory methodologies for the 2000-2014 inventory. See Discussion of emissions from on-road transportation available at: ttps://ww3.arb.ca.gov/cc/inventory/pubs/reports/2000_2014/ghg_inventory_00-14_technical_support_document.pdf#https://ww3.arb.ca.gov/cc/inventory/pubs/reports/2000_2014/ghg_inventory_00-14_technical_support_document.pdf

● Activity level used in calculations —

Activity: Fuel combustion = 7,265,197,968 gal of Gasoline
Basis: Calculation
Calculation: [EMFAC category fuel combustion] * ([Fuel sales] / [EMFAC total fuel combustion]) * [Fraction of fuel mix]
Reference: ARB (2016). Technical support document on GHG inventory methodologies for the 2000-2014 inventory. See Discussion of emissions from on-road transportation available at: ttps://ww3.arb.ca.gov/cc/inventory/pubs/reports/2000_2014/ghg_inventory_00-14_technical_support_document.pdf#https://ww3.arb.ca.gov/cc/inventory/pubs/reports/2000_2014/ghg_inventory_00-14_technical_support_document.pdf
Reference: Not Applicable.

● Parameters and Constants used in calculations —

Parameter: EMFAC category fuel combustion = 7,263,540,557 gal
Reference: ARB (2017b). The California Air Resources Board's Emission FACtors (EMFAC) model was used to calculate emission rates from all motor vehicles, such as passenger cars and heavy-duty trucks, operating on highways, freeways, and local roads in California. Model and documentation available online at: /msei/msei.htm
Parameter: EMFAC NOx emission = 130,394,941,514 g (i.e. 130.39 thousand tonnes)
Reference: ARB (2014). The California Air Resources Board's Emission FACtors (EMFAC) model was used to calculate emission rates from all motor vehicles, such as passenger cars and heavy-duty trucks, operating on highways, freeways, and local roads in California. Model and documentation available online at: /msei/msei.htm
Parameter: EMFAC total fuel combustion = 14,794,602,747 gal
Reference: ARB (2017b). The California Air Resources Board's Emission FACtors (EMFAC) model was used to calculate emission rates from all motor vehicles, such as passenger cars and heavy-duty trucks, operating on highways, freeways, and local roads in California. Model and documentation available online at: /msei/msei.htm
Parameter: Fraction of fuel mix = 0.995
Reference: ARB (2016). Technical support document on GHG inventory methodologies for the 2000-2014 inventory. See Discussion of emissions from on-road transportation available at: ttps://ww3.arb.ca.gov/cc/inventory/pubs/reports/2000_2014/ghg_inventory_00-14_technical_support_document.pdf#https://ww3.arb.ca.gov/cc/inventory/pubs/reports/2000_2014/ghg_inventory_00-14_technical_support_document.pdf
Parameter: Fuel sales = 14,873,287,328 gal
Reference: Covert T. (2013). Data request between CARB and Theresa Covert, California State Board of Equalization, April 2013.
Parameter: N2O to NOx ratio = 0.0416 g / g
Reference: ARB (2014). The California Air Resources Board's Emission FACtors (EMFAC) 2014 model's Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) section documents factors for calculating N2O emissions.
Constant: Global warming potential of N2O = 298
Reference: IPCC (2007). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Solomon S., Qin D., Manning M., Chen Z., Marquis M., Averyt K.B., Tignor M., and Miller H.L. (eds.). http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_ipcc_fourth_assessment_report_synthesis_report.htm

● Greenhouse gas emitted per unit activity (derived from values listed above) —

Amount: 1.21 g of N2O per gal of Gasoline
362 g of CO2eq. per gal of Gasoline
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